Hair + Makeup by Maria Chang for PMA
By Lindsay Skog
PMA Associate Artist + PMA StyleTV Correspondant
By Liliana Aranda, L.E., C.O.E.
Owner/Esthetician, Certified in Oncology Esthetics
What is my SKIN TYPE? Do you know if your skin type is dry or simply dehydrated? Are you sensitive too? What about oily or hyper-pigmented? There’s a lot of confusion about skin type and skin condition. Let’s clarify them here.
Your skin type is determined by genetic factors—you are born with your skin type. Skin condition is the state your skin is in—it can be long-term or temporary, it can be treated and it doesn’t necessarily mean you are stuck with it. It’s not too difficult to identify your basic skin type. Here is one way to narrow it down if you aren’t sure or have never been assessed by a professional esthetician or dermatologist. First, wash your face with water only. Allow to air dry for 20-45 minutes. Notice the look, feel, texture and quality of your skin as you examine closely in a mirror.
OILY: Does your face shine back with oil evenly distributed all over your face after washing, even if you don’t put anything on it?
- Oily Skin characteristics include the overproduction of sebaceous glands (oil glands), excessive shine-back on the skin, a slick feeling of oil, increase or prone to acne or breakouts.
DRY: Does your face feel tight, look and feel textured or flakey after washing your face? Does your skin feel thirsty and parched from within?
- Dry Skin characteristics include an underproduction of oil, a tightness from within, flaky appearance, texture and itchiness. This skin type is also prone to wrinkles.
COMBINATION: Does your face feel dry in some places such as the forehead or cheeks, and yet shiny in other places like the nose or chin after washing your face?
- Combination Skin characteristics include an oily T-zone (forehead, nose and chin) and dry, flaky patches on cheeks. Some pinkness or irritation may be present in the drier areas.
SENSITIVE: Does your face show pink or redness after washing your face or after using hot or cold water? After using perfumed lotions, topical products or basic rubbing of your face, does your skin flush pink or feel irritated? Can you say your skin feels “angry” more often than not?
- Sensitive Skin characteristics include an increased reaction to common ingredients or fragrances, red and uncomfortable skin, hyper-reactive to products and ingredients.
NORMAL / BALANCED: Does your skin feel hydrated, with no shine or texture or redness after washing your face? Does your skin hold moisture and not show texture or flakiness? Perhaps your skin doesn’t have a reaction to hot or cold water, doesn’t flush pink or feel angry?
- Normal skin characteristics include even pigmentation, balanced hydration, blemish-free, smooth texture and no adverse reactions to lotions or other topically applied products.
What’s my Skin Condition? Skin Condition is the state your skin is in, which is not your type but the way it acts under normal circumstances. Again, this isn’t a condition you are stuck with because as we age, our skin ages and changes too. And, what we do to our skin as we grow affects how it will behave, as we get older.
Sensitive/Sensitized is the only skin type that is also recognized as a skin condition. The skin’s barrier is compromised, usually caused by overuse of in-office procedures or products that are inappropriate for the skin type. Poor diet, overexposure, general health all affect sensitive skin and/or can aggravate this condition.
- How it looks: red, inflamed, parched, irritated, chapped, and cracked
- How it feels: tight, painful, hot, cracked, and angry.
Acneic Skin is a condition—simply known as acne—which is chronic inflammation and overproduction of sebum, resulting in blemishes we know as pimples. Enlarged pores that are often clogged with a waxy material or congested with makeup, dirt and oil are common.
- How it looks: red bumps all over face or confined to certain areas; small bumps to larger, cyst-like protrusions.
- How it feels: bumpy surface, textured, sometimes dry flakes surrounding bumps, painful, prickly and uneven.
Hyper-pigmented Skin condition is a result of either sun exposure that has turned into sun damage, or from trauma, picking and scratching pimples, resulting in Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH), which resembles dark spots. Excess pigment is produced to protect the skin cells, as a response from damage or trauma to the skin. Environmental exposure and internal factors can worsen the condition.
- How it looks: big freckles with no pattern, various sized brown or reddish-brown spots, individuals or small groups. PIH-related spots can, when exfoliated properly, peel away and fade in color, leaving behind a spot, which can be lightened.
- How it feels: flat, textured spots, flakey as they develop, flat as they turn into spots.
Rosacea is a common skin condition in which the person experiences persistent flushing of the face, acne-like lesions on the nose and cheeks, and inflamed and irritated complexion. Environmental factors such as excessive exposure to the elements, intrinsic factors like alcohol and spicy foods will also aggravate this condition.
- How it looks: like persistent windburn, flushing, redness and acne with inflammation.
- How it feels: constant heat or swelling to the touch, itching, textured and irritated from within.
Dehydrated skin condition lacks water, and can be associated with Oily, Dry, Sensitive and Combination skin types. When the water-oil is balance is off, skin loses the natural bonds that protect cells, and it results in a thirsty skin that drinks up moisturizer yet still feels parched.
- How it looks: flaky, sallow, textured, uneven, dull and possibly wrinkled.
- How it feels: tight, thirsty, flaky, crepe-like texture, never quite satisfied after moisturizing.
Aging Skin, which is a condition that affects us all, is characterized by premature or cumulative natural aging of the skin and body. Skin cells lose collagen and elastin as we grow older, but the signs of aging can also be accelerated by sun damage, diet, overall health, stress and toxins in the environment.
- How it looks: fine and deep lines appear wrinkled, uneven pigment, dull, dry and rough texture.
- How it feels: lines offer texture, rough, uneven feel, lax and loose, and skin doesn’t bounce back when tugged.
Once a skin care patient understands these two categories, it’s much easier to identify a resolution plan and see results more quickly. Seeing a skin care professional such as an Esthetician in your area will guide you to reaching your goal of healthier, happier skin and a more balanced complexion.
Next month, we will look at treatment options for all skin conditions.
- Relative contribution of intrinsic vs extrinsic factors to skin aging as determined by a validated skin age score: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12437451
- How to Determine Your Skin Type: http://www.wikihow.com/Determine-Your-Skin-Type
- Chronic Skin Conditions: http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/guide/skin-problems-treatments-symptoms-types
- Skin Type Determinations: http://www.drdayan.com/blog/2013/02/08/the-role-of-genetics-skin-type/
- Skin Problems, Treatments, Symptoms: http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/guide/skin-problems-treatments-symptoms-types
By Camille Goldston
PMA Associate Artist + Celebrity Correspondent
The stars were shining bright at last night’s Oscars, and as I was watching them on the Red Carpet I noticed 3 major beauty trends.
Side Swept Hair
Idina Manzel wore her hair sleek & straight while Sandra Bullock, Kate Hudson & Cate Blanchett had a more old Hollywood glamour approach with side swept curls.
Earlier in awards season we saw lots of bright reds & pops of orange but this time around stars like Kerry Washington, Margot Robbie & Khloe Kardashian opted for deep, dark shades of plum & cherry.
Soft Curled Updo
A few celebs did admit to last minute hair changes due to the rain but Olivia Wilde & Camilla
Alves looked stunning with soft & textured low buns.
Top Look of the Night
I totally gushed over Maria Menounos, from head to toe she looked right on point! Her modern
take on a braid ( Yes, I admit I love a braid!) to her sultry smokey eye she looked like a Greek
goddess. Kudos Maria!
Adruitha Lee & Robin Mathews won Best Makeup & Hairstyling for their work on Dallas Buyers
Club. Congratulations, ladies!!
There were many more stars looking gorgeous on the Red Carpet, and we’re looking forward to seeing some of these trends this year with our brides. Who were your favorites from last night? We’d love to hear from you in the comments below who made your Best Oscars Beauty list.
In beauty and kindness,